The King’s Highway
St. Mary of the Angels
July 16, 2021
What are the Seven Sacraments of the Church?
Form: “I baptize you in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”
Ordinary Minister: Bishop/Priest/Deacon
Extraordinary Minister: In danger of death or extreme circumstances, anyone may baptize.
On Infant Baptism, pg. 80: “It has always been the custom of the Catholic Church to baptize infants…Under the old covenant infants were admitted to the family of God at eight days old, and we cannot think that the blessings of the new covenant are more restricted than those of the old…The practice of infant baptism is one clear illustration that in all of God’s dealings with us the beginning is with Him, and our part is to respond to the grace given [based upon what is our capacity for sin and for repentance at any given time in our lives].”
Matter: The Oil of Chrism and the laying on of hands
Form: “Defend, O Lord, this thy servant with thy heavenly grace; that he may continue thine forever; and daily increase in thy Holy Spirit more and more, until he come unto thy everlasting kingdom.”
Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit imparted in Confirmation, pg. 84: “The bishop prays that the candidates may have the Seven Gifts of the Spirit: Wisdom, to know and to love God; Understanding of what He has done and is doing in them; Counsel, to know His will; Strength, to carry out His will; Knowledge of the true faith of the Church; Godliness in life and character; and Holy Fear of grieving God by disobedience or irreverence.”
Note that Wisdom is the First Gift bestowed on the Confirmand, and Wisdom accompanies God in His creation of the universe (see Proverbs 8:22-36).
The Holy Spirit is the Comforter (meaning Strengthener), and the divine strengthening of a person’s life, like the divine strengthening of creation, is in imparting into life/creation the fearless, joyful, ordered work of wisdom.
Proverbs 8:36: “But he that sinneth against [wisdom], wrongeth his own soul; all they that hate [wisdom] love death.”
Holy Oil of Chrism: Oil, symbolizing the strength conferred by the Holy Spirit, is mixed with balsam which symbolizes “the aroma of Christ” (2 Corinthians 2:15). The Christ strengthened life is meant to be a sacrifice unto God the Father which is the foundation of holy worship (see Leviticus 2:1-2 where the oil and the incense are added to the sacrifice of the finest flour to become “an aroma pleasing to the Lord”).
Matter: Acts of the penitent in contrition, confession, and amendment of life
Form: “I absolve you in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”
Old Testament Prefigurations of the Sacrament of Penance: Numbers 5:5-7: “The Lord said to Moses, Tell the Israelites if a man commits a fault against his fellow man and wrongs him, thus breaking faith with the Lord, he shall confess the wrong he has done…” Also see Leviticus 5:10: “The priest shall make atonement for the sin the man committed, and it will be forgiven.” Also see Psalm 51:3-4 on Contrition; Psalm 51:15 on Confession; and Psalm 51:17 on Amendment.
Most Holy Eucharist
Matter: Unleavened wheat bread and grape wine
Form: Consecration of the bread and wine including the Words of Institution (“This is my body…” and “This is my blood of the New Testament…”)
Four Acts in Jewish Sacrifice, pg. 106: Choosing victim without blemish – Christ Jesus is chosen by God the Father from all eternity to be the unblemished Lamb (see Revelations 13:8). Slaying the victim and shedding its blood as a surrender of its life to God (see John 10:11). Offering the blood unto God (see Hebrews 4:14-16). Application to the worshipper of the spiritual benefits of this sacrifice, by eating of the victim and/or by being sprinkled of the victim’s blood (See 1 Corinthians 10:16).
Anointing of the Sick (Extreme Unction)
Matter: The Oil of the Sick and the laying on of hands
Form: “Through this holy anointing may the Lord in His love and mercy help you by the grace of the Holy Spirit, and may the Lord who frees you from sin, save you and raise you up.”
James 5:14: “Is any sick among you? Let him call for the elders of the Church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.” Note: Prayer (inward grace) and Oil (outward sign) are equally important, because the action is Sacramental and so derives out of the Incarnation. See Leviticus 14:32 and Isaiah 1:6 for the medicinal use of oil. Also see that the Good Samaritan bandages the victim’s open wounds “pouring on oil and wine” (Luke 10:30-37).
Matter: A baptized male
Form: Consecration (for a Bishop) or Ordination (for a Priest or a Deacon) including the laying on of hands
The Sacred Ministers and the Laity must work together in the Kingdom of God, for the order in this world is a precursor of the order yet to come when Heaven and Earth pass away and are replaced by the New Jerusalem. See pg. 123: “In the service of God and of man, the priest may not act without the laity, nor the laity without the priest. The Church consists of both priests and layfolk, and every good work undertaken by the Church should be the work of all of the members, each in his proper place.” So there is one God, one Spirit, one Church, but many gifts of the Spirit working efficaciously when complimentary to one another and with each gift in its own proper sphere (see 1 Corinthians 12:4, Romans 12:6, and Ephesians 4:4).
Matter: Mutual consent of the couple and their promise to live together as husband and wife in a lifelong and exclusive union
Form: “I take you…” (spoken as a vow), or “I do” (spoken as an affirmation of the vow articulated on behalf of the groom and the bride by the representative of the Church)
Ministers: The baptized man (groom) and woman (bride) who give their consent to one another
Marriage is the prefiguration of the ordered and sacrificial life that God has in store for those who are redeemed in His Son and made citizens of the New Jerusalem. Therefore, after He has created the universe, He establishes marriage as the first sign of a social order – which is to say of His Kingdom – in this new universe. Thus, marriage is coterminous with the imposition of an order and an obligation to rule in accord with divine will and design. Marriage is not simply the sign that the two people love one another or are devoted to one another. It is that, but it is also a sign of their shared vocation to preserve and to pass forward the social order God has set up. As such, marriage must be subject to this social order as much as married persons undertake in union with one another to preserve and to pass it on to the next generation.
Genesis 1:27-28: “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.”