Bible Study: John 2:1-11

Bible Study

John 2:1-11

St. Mary of the Angels

June 18, 2021

John 2:4: “Woman, what have I to do with thee? Mine hour is not yet come.”

Compare with Judges 11:12: “And Jephthah sent messengers unto the king of the children of Ammon, saying, What hast thou to do with me, that thou art come against me to fight in my land?”

“Woman” is meant to establish that He is no longer submissive unto His mother. Christ Jesus is now a man and entering into His ministry.

“What have I to do with thee?” is the same phrase in Hebrew as what Jephthah says to the invading King of the Ammonites. The phrase is meant to establish separation, but also the authority of the person asking the question. His authority vests in who He is and not in any temporal or this worldly title. In the case of Jephthah, he is one of the early Israelite Judges with an unknown father (generic name of “Gilead” just means he is a “Gileadite”) and a prostitute for a mother. In other words, Jephthah is a leader without a recognizable pedigree. In the case of Christ Jesus, His Father is the living God, and His mother is a Virgin.

Compare with Mark 5:7: [The exorcised demon cries out], What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the Most High God?”

“What have I to do with thee?” The demon is acknowledging Christ Jesus’s authority as the Son of God. It is an authority that derives from God’s elected favor in Him (see John 5:37: “And the Father Himself, who sent me, has testified of me.”). So the Judges like Jephthah prefigure Christ Jesus, for their authority vests also in being elected by God to shepherd His chosen people.

John 2:5: “Whatever He tells you to do, do it.” Compare the Virgin Mary here with “Be it unto me according to thy Word” (Luke 1:38). The Blessed Virgin is obedient to the will of God, has faith that God’s power will suffice, and always points to her Son.

John 2:6-8: The water in the pots were meant for ceremonial cleansing – not ever to be consumed. It is a real test of faith for the servants first to fill the water pots and then to “draw out now and to bear unto the governor of the feast.” If the water is not turned into wine, then the servants will lose everything, especially given that they will be urging him to drink from water set aside for ceremonial cleansing.

John 2:9: “the servants which drew the water knew” – Because of their faith, they are on the inside of what is happening. Faith opens our eyes to who Christ Jesus is.

And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there:

And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage.

And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.

Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.

His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.

And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece.

Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.

And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it.

When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom,

10 And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.

11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.

Published by Michael Sean Erickson

I write, act, and produce films in Los Angeles. Everything else is conjecture.

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